This dissertation deals with a comprehensive literature review on SAR polarimetric calibration, as well as developing a polarimetric calibration procedure to be used for calibrating the sensor for the Waseda SAR project. The complete work is presented in six chapters.
The dissertation starts by introducing Synthetic Aperture Radar Polarimetry (SAR polarimetry) by identifying the research objectives, and explains Waseda SAR project between King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology and the University of Cape Town. A comprehensive literature review on SAR polarimetric calibration is introduced in the dissertation.
The literature review explains the developments in calibration methods from the early 1960’s to recent years, including passive and active reflector advantages as well as the limitations for both reflectors. Also, displaying the received power as a function of polarization in a graphic way is presented in the dissertation known as the ‘polarization signature’.
Two examples are used which are: the trihedral corner reflector and the dihedral corner reflector. The two examples are the theoretical reference for the calibration procedure for Waseda SAR sensor. The calibrated data set collected from NASA’s Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) over California is analyzed. The data is contaminated with an unrealistically high amount of coupling (-5 dB) to show the coupling effect on the data and then remove the amount of coupling to return the data to its original form.
The dissertation concludes with a calibration procedure to be used for calibrating Waseda SAR sensor using the presented methods of SAR polarimetric calibration. The procedure involves using external devices such as: trihedral corner reflectors and dihedral corner reflectors as well as calculating the sizes of the reflectors and how the calibration flights are to be coordinated and instrumented with the reflectors.